500 miles lyrics

500 miles gaming community

2015.07.03 08:50 Rooslin 500 miles gaming community


2012.02.20 02:46 rachel_mary The hunt for airports and the like


2021.06.24 18:05 Professor-SEO_DE McDaveOG

ENCHANTED NATION! Warndon massive gangsters do what thay want. BOh! ninety ninety calippah. About MC Dave OG: MC Don (born "David Miles" 1986) is a british rapper, actor, and filmmaker best known for doingmusical sessions on YouTube. Mc Dave had his debut single with da Dj Sly under his then pseudonym 'Mc Don OG'. I think everything can be summed up by his wise words "Calippah badda bad boy all night and day yeah".

2023.06.01 09:41 MiguelMateuJazz [PLAY] Pasquale Grasso - Ain't misbehavin' Transcription

Hi there! Ain't Misbehavin' is a 1929 swing song. Andy Razaf wrote the lyrics to a score by Thomas "Fats" Waller and Harry Brooks for the Broadway musical comedy play Connie's Hot Chocolates. Since then, the song becomes one of the most popular song in jazz universe and it has been covered for the best musicians as Sarah Vaughan, Billie Holiday, Ella Fitzgerald, Django Reinhardt, Miles Davis, Art Tatum, Sonny Stitt, Sam Cooke, Ray Charles, Nat King Cole and many many others In this case we have another amazing arrangement by Pasquale Grasso. I hope you enjoy! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yLA8z1nrc7M&ab\_channel=MiguelMateuJazzGuitar
submitted by MiguelMateuJazz to Guitar [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 09:28 Medium-Ad-1249 Tips for a very first bike

Hi all!
Tldr.: I decided on getting my first bike and I would appriciate any tips!
Shortly, I was invited for a ride a month ago which was my first after ~10 years, so basically since I was a child. It was around 70km(43 miles) with hills, rocky forest trails and perfect roads, basically I almost died but felt incredibly proud when I was able to finish. (don’t judge me I am not a sporty person yet, working on it) I quickly realised that I truly loved the forest and hill part and would love to do it many many more times.
I did this with a ~25 year old borrowed, steel frame bike so I am very sure it’s time to get something that does not equal a third of my body weight:D I am looking with the parameters of 163cm, around 55kg (so 5’3” and 121lbs). Calculators said my ideal size would be a 19’ (49cm), but If I undestand it correctly I have to take my smaller physique in calculation. My budget is also not huge, the most (really most) I can spend is around 500$, used of course.
My goal before buying is really trying to understand gear and mechanics, (as much as one can before using them) read a lot about the topic. I have someone with me with a lot more knowledge then me who helps a lot but I also don’t want to be blind myself:)
To my understanding a bike in this price category is not going to be something I am jumping around and doing hard trails with(tho let me know if that is not true), but my goal with this is really only getting into biking, doing it a lot, getting a better physique and enjoying beautiful sights.
One last question and also thank you for reading all this: Would it be better to spend out my 500$ budget all on a bike or spend a little less, for example 350$ and use the rest to buy some better parts? Is it advised to buy parts used?
I would truly appriciate any tips, advices and also corrections if I am wrong anywhere! Thank you so much in advance!
submitted by Medium-Ad-1249 to MTB [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 09:11 BaephBush Avoidance, intense fear of connection, and potentially doing recovery meetings

I'm wondering: do people in this group think of the others here as friends or valuable connections? And do people who regularly attend meetings, in person or virtually (I'm thinking of SMART, because that's what I'd like to get into...or rather what I think I need to get into), think the same thing?
The answers here are going to vary from person to person of course, but the reason I ask is because I have utterly severe trust issues, Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Avoidant Personality Disorder, and various comorbid diagnoses. Basically, I am terrified of connection but really need connection, and this has been a major problem my entire life.
This post was inspired by me picking up my SMART book a short while ago and reading a part about friends, family, and professionals being probably the most fruitful way of maintaining sobriety. I have one local friend (she's also someone who has had alcohol issues herself, and is currently over 500 days sober), but I'm scared to meet up with her. I chose a username at the official SMART website and signed up, but I'm scared to attend.
Honestly, I could use "...but I'm scared to" as the truth behind so much of my life. I don't want to be so isolated but recently I did a PTSD group and was extremely triggered and felt like an abused 5 year old boy again and got very drunk afterward. That's not the outcome I want. In an hour and a half I'll be 2 days sober, so there's a lot of emotional dysregulation still here in me from the drinking...but there's been a ton of emotional dysregulation most of my life, some for external reasons, some for reasons that are beyond the scope of this subreddit (though naturally a lot of people drink to cope with unwanted thoughts, situations etc).
I have avoided so much of life because I am afraid, and this got so much worse when I had to move in October 2016, then the election, then the rise of more blatant forms of hate in my country (US), then COVID isolation...and my brother got long COVID over a year ago and he still has it and since he grew up in the same squelching household I did he gets so overwhelmed so easily that he has to temper everything he does with a lot of rest and sobbing all the time. I sob all the time myself. (Note: he lives 100 miles from me, and both of us are having sensory issues, him more than me, due to extreme stress. So I can't exactly go visit him, and he can't visit me, because of varying levels of panic etc...Sorry, I'm just trying to lay a background here. We're both 46M, identical twins.)
A lot of this for both of us is about processing trauma, but for me it's also about needing to quit drinking. And I don't think that's going to happen if I continue to isolate.
I typically have a very hard time feeling supported in a text-based group. I've been in this group off and on for years. It usually takes having seen a person and hearing their voice for me to feel supported or get a feel for a person. Which is why Zoom-type groups would be best (and I know there are a bunch). I'm just terrified of being triggered that badly again, and old shame that isn't actually mine comes up in force. I can feel the shame now as I write this. I'm kinda depersonalizing (sorry for the jargon, but that best describes it) right now so some of my typing skills and logic may be off, and things look cloudy to me and feel not real (hallmarks of my experience with depersonalization).
There are other groups where I can talk about the trauma portion of things. I also have a therapist I'm seeing later today (she's probably the only person I feel mostly comfortable about sobbing in front of).
This is a long post, but I think I just needed to express how isolated I am and how scared I am of connection, and parts of why that is.
I guess I'd just have to do it, terrified or not.
I'm going to go read the SMART book some more.
Thanks for reading.
submitted by BaephBush to stopdrinking [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 08:07 Educational-Base-976 Ford fusion. Is this a good choice?

I've heard ford fusions are unreliable but some models are not. Description doesn't say much but does anyone know if this is a reliable car?
submitted by Educational-Base-976 to whatcarshouldIbuy [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 07:19 Browndarkboot Think this is a really great value from Best Buy. Most likely getting this tomorrow what do you guys think?

Think this is a really great value from Best Buy. Most likely getting this tomorrow what do you guys think? submitted by Browndarkboot to projectors [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 07:09 deadbandit19 Why does it seem like no one rides their bike?

Looking into buying a cheaper bike, probably 750 or 500 street.. I know it's not highly regarded, but it's what I can afford... I bought a 50cc moped when gas went up to save money. I get about 70mpg on it and rode it around 5k in about 8 months in michigan, hoping to double that.
Anyway, all the bikes I see are like 5 years old with 500-5000 miles and up to 8 years old. What gives? I like to use what I buy..
submitted by deadbandit19 to motorcycles [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 05:39 websterize Breaking in a new charging port

Breaking in a new charging port
TL;DR: My i3 displays "Unable to charge" faults during DC charging sessions. I'm unsure why.
Over the holiday weekend, my kids and I took a 675-mile road trip to visit family. We set out in ideal conditions (75ºF, calm wind, <70 mph) to achieve maximum range in a 2020 i3 S BEV, which I recently purchased as a Certified Pre-Owned vehicle still under the factory warranty. We also broke in a new charging port that BMW replaced after delivery under its "Goodwill Program." A plastic tip on one of the DC pins broke off, and out of pocket, replacing the port — BMW doesn't repair parts — would have cost $2,500. (https://www.reddit.com/BMWi3/comments/13n60e8/the_2500_plastic_nubbin/).
We charged four times on the outbound leg and four times on the inbound, alternating between 15-minute boosts and 30- to 40-minute food breaks. Driving and fast charging the 337 miles to Grandpa's took 7 hours and 3 minutes. (My daughter was the official timekeeper.) Our moving time was about 5.5 hours. I used Active Cruise Control extensively, setting the speed between 65 and 70 m.p.h. with an average consumption of 3.6 miles/kWh.
On half of the eight fast-charging sessions — three with Electrify America and one with EVgo — the car displayed an "Unable to charge" fault on the iDrive screen a few minutes after initiation. The mobile apps of each provider also showed a communication error between the charger and the i3. When I went outside to investigate each time, the DC charge was running strong. At one of the EA sessions where the fault appeared, the car charged at its maximum 50 kW rate for several minutes near the end, tapering at 86% state of charge. So the electrons were flowing.
I'll likely schedule an appointment at the local BMW i service center that replaced the port so they can read the error codes and tell me nothing is wrong.
We experienced an unusually BMW i intense road trip. Driving home today, at the beginning of the journey, my kids and I passed a white i8 in Ashtabula County, Ohio, where their grandfather lives. My hair almost caught on fire at the site in this rural area. I flashed the high beams, but he stayed dark. As he approached, he appeared to be looking down and might have been texting.
Then, 75 miles from home in Western Maryland, a white i3 with 20-inch Sport wheels passed as if we were plodding at 70 mph on I-70. My son's hair almost caught on fire. He misses the 2018 white i3 S, which he called Panda, that I recently sold to another father who has a boy his age.
Finally, at the last charging stop today, and as we pulled out, a Tesla Model 3 with blue brake calipers backed into the Electrify America fast charger in Bedford, Pa. It has three CCS stations and one CCS/CHAdeMO combo unit. It was the first time I'd seen a Tesla at that location. I wondered if the driver had an adapter. Waiting for traffic before pulling out, I glanced in the rearview mirror and saw the Tesla driver holding a CCS gun near the charging-port flap, tapping it. When my son was a toddler, he would tap my hand with his empty sippy cup when he needed a refill. I smiled at the memory and conjured some EV mojo, hoping she had enough juice to make it to the Breezewood Supercharger 30 minutes away.
submitted by websterize to BMWi3 [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 05:06 altsveyser 1 hour time trial

I was curious approximately how fast pro cyclists can go in an hour solo, so looked at UCI World Championship individual time trial results. Typically, the winners can go around 31 / 32 miles in one hour, which is very impressive.
When I look at the gribble dot org calculator that converts watts to speed, it says that 600 watts are required to maintain ground speed of 31 mph for a cyclist that weights 165 lbs / 75 kg. FTP means max watts over 20 minutes right, and pro FTPs are 500 at most? So how do people do 600 watts for a whole hour?! I must be missing something.
submitted by altsveyser to cycling [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 05:02 Path_Plane 2013 Altima w/ 126k miles for 6.5k

2013 Altima w/ 126k miles for 6.5k
About to go test drive this later this week. Its at a small used car dealership. My only question is: is that price too good to be true? Is it too low for a 2013? My other cars have all been Toyota/honda/Lexus so this is new territory. Would appreciate any advice. Can others with the same model/year share what they paid for it? What issues should I look for? TIA!
submitted by Path_Plane to altima [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 04:52 Impressive_Clock_444 Buying My First BMW

Buying My First BMW submitted by Impressive_Clock_444 to BMW [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 04:51 Character_Ad5634 Downgrade of upgrade ?

I’m currently driving a 2017 Volkswagen Passat se with 47k miles. I’m looking at a 2004 Mercedes-Benz e class e320 with 45k miles. It’s Listed at $10,500. Would this be an upgrade or downgrade ? I don’t drive much, roughly 2500 miles a year, I’m just somewhat apprehensive to buy a car that’s almost 20 years old.
submitted by Character_Ad5634 to whatcarshouldIbuy [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 04:38 littleboybrown Buying advice for new rider

Hey guys I'm looking to buy my first bike and I'm torn between two options, the first is a 2001 triumph tt600 with about 14k miles that is $1500 or a 2008 Kawasaki ninja 650 with 24k miles that is $2100 which would you think is the better bike for beginners ?
submitted by littleboybrown to SuggestAMotorcycle [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 04:26 skyrim9012 500 Miles in May

As May draws to a close I finished a ride to get myself over 500 miles for the month. Never in my wildest dreams imagined I would ride that much. I set a goal of 2000 miles for the year and find it crazy I just did a quarter of it in one month.
Here's to many more miles this year 🍻
submitted by skyrim9012 to cycling [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 04:25 Mr-Groove What would you do?

I have a 97 Honda accord with 87,000 Miles.
I need the following repairs done that will cost me approximately $2,500...
Given the current market...is it worth it or should I look into using that money for a down payment?
submitted by Mr-Groove to Honda [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 04:23 Mr-Groove What would you do?

I have a 97 Honda accord with 87,000 Miles.
I need the following repairs done that will cost me approximately $2,500...
Given the current market...is it worth the cost or should I look into using that money for a down payment?
submitted by Mr-Groove to 6thGenAccord [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 04:18 Evan_Dubs18 Anyone have a 2022 KTM RC 390?

My throttle completely stopped working, still idles fine and the clutch engages. Only have 2,500 miles on the bike. Anyone else come across this issue?
submitted by Evan_Dubs18 to KTM [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 04:05 montgoda19 I(31m) really thought she (27f) loved me.

It’s been a little over two weeks since the discard. She came home after a month separation unannounced from staying with her sister 500 miles away. She walked right past me when she got home. We sat down and I asked her where her head was at and she looked at me and said I don’t want any of this and I don’t want you. Before she left to stay with her sister we discussed realigning our relationship and giving her time to find herself. Little did I know it was anything but that. It turns out that she used that time to start buying a house in another state with the man she’s been cheating on me with for seven months. She told me she loved me every single night. She told me she was excited to come back and try. Whenever she finally gave me a genuine apology about cheating she made it about her image and just excuses of why she did it .The signs of narcissistic abuse were always there, and I was just too naïve to see it. When I first met her, she truly made me feel special. She made me feel like I finally met the woman of my dreams, and that we were the couple that people were jealous of. I really wish I would’ve known that two years later, she would completely destroy everything that I am. I’ve always been unapologetically myself, and I’ve never really questioned who I am and that’s what I think what Drew her to me. A little after a year being together And getting engaged, she went through a personal tragedy with her mother, and that’s when the decline truly started to happen. During that time it became very apparent that her mother was a narcissist, and a truly evil woman. I also found out that my fiancé was propped up to be a clone of her mother, to be the golden child. But the stories that she told me how her mother treated her growing up, makes so much sense on how she became the emotionless covert narcissist that she is. Everything I did was always wrong. Every comment I ever made with somehow a criticism. And every time I caught her crossing my boundaries It was my fault, even though I knew she was lying to me. After I caught her cheating on me, the first time I begged her to please prove to me that she would end it. After months of stonewalling that request I finally broke down and said I had enough so during an argument, she said she had a headache, so I went and got her some Advil and when I came back she had his contact up on her phone ready to send him a message. She just looked at me with that cold lifeless soulless look and said, what do YOU want to say? Turns out when I left the room. She made a fake contact and sent a message to no one saying it was over. One month after that I caught her again sending naked pictures to this man and of course deny deny deny until I threw the evidence in her face. I ended up calling this man and he laughed at me the entire time on the phone. She told me the thought of getting intimate with me, makes her feel ick. She also gave the man she was cheating on me with the phone number to her sister, and he began texting her every single day for months. She gaslight me so hard by saying it’s not her place to tell her sister who to have friendships with. I felt crazy. Every single journal entry I made for the past seven months has started with I just wish she would love me again I just wish she would show me affection. I just wish she would give me my needs and reciprocate all the energy I’m putting in for her. I can’t trust her as far as I can throw her. And during the discard, I threw it all in her face. After I pointed out that she was exactly like her mother, and that I do believe she is a narcissist that is when the mask truly came off and I got to see who she truly is. A Soulless, emotionless. Shell of a human being who doesn’t care about anyone but herself. I became so trauma bonded to her that I truly lost myself and looking back at it, I can’t believe I stayed so long with this monster. Even from the very first fight we’ve had I’ve always described fighting with her is like no one else I’ve ever fought with in my life, cold, dead eyes and no emotions. In the end, I told her I feel so bad for the next person she tricks into thinking that she has emotions.
I know what I have to do. I know I need to find myself, do things for myself. I’m in therapy and I have such an amazing support system, but I don’t even know how to stop feeling so awful every single day. I went on a date recently, and as soon as my date left, I just sat there, and I said out loud to myself “She fucked me up so much more than I realized.”
submitted by montgoda19 to NarcissisticAbuse [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 03:56 Responsible_Fan_7959 First Bike

I’m looking at getting a first bike, I took the HD motorcycle course over the past weekend and loved it. Been going over options as far as what to get and have pretty much settled on a 48. Thoughts on a 48 as a first bike? Any other brands/bikes your’d recommend. The one I’m looking at is a 2021 with 572 miles for $10,500
submitted by Responsible_Fan_7959 to SuggestAMotorcycle [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 03:44 AlfredoThayerMahan Beyond the Lightspeed Horizon: Carrier Doctrine in a Galaxy Far Far Away

Between May 4th and May 8th 1942, the first naval battle that occurred beyond the visual horizon took place. While the Battle of The Coral Sea was somewhat indecisive, with both the Japanese and Americans seeing significant losses although the Japanese largely ceded the body of water thereafter, the kind of engagement it typified bears remembrance, one where neither side directly sighted each-other with surface vessels. You cannot hit what you cannot see, a lesson the Japanese learned all too well a month later near a small sandy dot called “Midway”.
Eighty years hence and the lesson remains the same. It doesn’t matter how impressive or unstoppable your weapon is, if you do not know what you are shooting at, it is useless. Where in the past scout planes would make visual contact with the enemy, tools like RORSATs, NOSS, SOSUS*, Over The Horizon and Synthetic Aperture Radars, and more have become the staple for detecting, classifying, and tracking contacts.
The mistake common among most people and even military enthusiasts is to assume the greatest weapon a carrier has in its defense is its fighters. Consider the Survivability Onion (not pictured). While this statement can be somewhat true, from a certain point of view, the carrier’s ability to detect the threat via their AWACS**, and the ability to attack beyond the visual horizon is its greatest defense. Both of these steps allow the Carrier to remain hidden. In most cases it is fairly easy to track a Battleship that has come to shell you. Even if it is doing so beyond the horizon, counter-battery radar can give you a good picture of its location just based on the trajectory of its shells, potentially good enough to fire a spread of anti-ship missiles at it. By using deceptive return paths, a carrier can make such tracking more difficult, not to mention more dangerous with a CAP***.
To remain hidden is what keeps ships alive. Spaceborne ISR**** platforms have stripped this fog of war back somewhat, but the basic concept of the horizon is critical to understanding how to utilize carriers in Star Wars.
*Radar Ocean Reconnaissance Satellite, Naval Ocean Surveillance System, a series of passive electronic intelligence satellites, and Sound Ocean Surveillance System, a series of hydrophones for detecting ships and submarines.
**Airborne early Warning and Control System
*** Combat Air Patrol
****Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance
Putting the “A” in “CVA”
There are a number of real-life carrier doctrines to consider as each approached usage slightly differently. NATO nations, led by the United States, viewed the carrier as largely an offensive tool. Of the three major NATO carrier nations, the U.S., the U.K., and France, the U.K. would eventually lose it’s offensive capability with the retirement of the last of the Audacious and Centaur Class carriers and their Phantom and Buccaneer aircraft while France would maintain the offensive role of their carriers though to a more limited capacity due to simply having fewer of them. That being said, outside of the U.S. for much of the Cold War and early 21st century, carriers were largely used as a method of ASW and point-defense interception. For the Soviets this was their Kiev Class with Yak-38 and Yak-141 interceptors and rotary wing ASW and AWACs aircraft, meant to protect their SSBN Bastions from hounding P-3 Orions and NATO SSNs. Even the later Kuznetsov, if it ever actually works, is a defensive tool with the aircraft largely lacking in the capability to attack targets. For the Brits the effect of their transition was demonstrated in the Falklands where Harriers constituted much of their fleet air defense but lacked the range, speed, and loiter time to perform fully in the “Outer Air Battle” or to perform much in the way of strike or air support.
This difference is best illustrated by the designation American Fleet Carriers possessed for a time, CVA*, the “Attack” Carrier. CVA is not a physical change in an aircraft carrier, CVs were changed to CVAs and back again depending on era, rather it denotes its usage. This originated in early nuclear weapon doctrine where carriers were viewed as forward airfields to launch nuclear strikes into the Soviet Union. Later this evolved to attacking the SSBN Bastion in the Barents Sea along with targets on the Kola Peninsula with a similar arrangement with the Sea of Okhotsk and Kamchatka Peninsula in the Pacific.
To further understand this, it is important to look at the kinds of aircraft used by the U.S. Carriers and Supercarriers, most importantly their attack aircraft. The first of the long-range attack trend was the AJ Savage, meant as the first dedicated carrier nuclear delivery platform, with a range longer than the B-25. This trend continued with other dedicated nuclear delivery platforms such as the A-3 Skywarrior and A-5 Vigilante, with notable exception in the small A-4 Skyhawk but a trend which culminated in the A-6 Intruder and later Tomcat Quickstrike proposal.
So why bother? Why should such long-range strike platforms be developed even if they are going to attack relatively coastal installations? Well the answer is simple. Range is the carrier’s best armor but it comes at a cost. The longer the range the less ordinance an aircraft can carry, needing external fuel tanks. Maybe they need buddy tankers which reduces your strike force. Either way you are doing less damage and hitting fewer point targets. By using larger aircraft you can compensate for this, not needing to sacrifice pylons for fuel stores. At the same time by being far away you are harder to detect and engage. Both by shore installations and by reconnaissance aircraft. If they can only search X number of square kilometers per hour, by increasing that area you reduce the likelihood of being found by simple probability. With that kind of safety a carrier can be used in a high-intensity offensive capacity without undue risk to it. Sure, you could load up a Harrier with drop tanks and daisy chain buddy tankers to achieve the same range as an A-6 but the A-6 could probably do it without needing to sacrifice much in terms of payload, of which it carries far more and without or with only limited tankers support, freeing up more aircraft to carry out tasks. One is a gimmick, the other is an offensive tool.
*CVA is not a U.S. exclusive term, indeed the ill-fated British CVA-01 program bore the same designator.
Hyperspace: The Great Equalizer
In Star Wars, starfighters have two clear categories. Those with hyperdrives and those without. A starfighter with a hyperdrive is much like a long-range aircraft such as an F-14 or A-6, even if the crew requirements and footprint are nothing alike. An A-Wing has more in common with a Tomcat in this respect than a Tie-Bomber does, even if the Tie-Bomber was loaded up with anti-starfighter missiles. Those without hyperdrives are your Harriers or Yak-38 equivalents, limited in range and largely relegated to point defense.
Hyperspace creates a horizon behind which a carrier can hide. Simply a jump or two away and off the major hyperspace lanes, and they are beyond sensors and effectively untouchable unless the enemy has thousands of probes to search every nook and cranny you may have hidden. At the same time, if the carrier has hyperspace capable starfighters they have the ability to hit any given target within a fairly massive bubble with impunity and with a relatively low transit time. Conversely, if you were to use spacecraft without hyperdrives to attack a target you would leave the carrier detectable and thus vulnerable to attack by the enemy, losing the greatest advantage of a carrier: its stealth.
Consequently this is why hybrid Carrier-Battleship approaches in real life and in Sci-Fi generally fall short. To act as a Battleship, the Carrier gives up its stealth. There is a minor exception where the fighters are used to augment the air-defense of the "Battle-Carrier" rather than as offensive tools but this is the exception that makes the rule. Ironically, this exception makes the TIE fighter a good design for the Imperial Class to carry as the Star Destroyer doesn’t lose much by getting within detection range of a target while having smaller and cheaper starfighters to augment its air-defense.
To properly utilize a dedicated carrier with Hyperspace technology, not only should they be at the back of the formation, but the carriers should be completely disconnected from the ongoing conventional battle, operating in an entirely different region of space.
The Air Defense Problem
In real life the air defense of a battlegroup can largely be divided into three sections.
First is the outer air battle. This task is carried out by the Defensive Counter-Air Combat Air Patrol (DCA-CAP) ranged out along the threat axis to destroy the enemy force before they either detect the Battlegroup or get within their weapons employment zone. This task is supplemented by extremely long-range Surface to Air Missiles such as SM-6, with several Cold War programs going so far as to propose a Surface-to-Air Boost-Glide Vehicle (LORAINE) to hit scouting aircraft at over 500 nautical miles away. Additionally use of SAM traps, ships that are not emitting and have targeting cued off of other platforms such as fighters and AWACs, further supplements the use of fighters in this theater of operations. Obviously these SAM platforms are at risk but the most valuable unit of a battlegroup is the carrier so the potential sacrifice of one is seen as a worthwhile trade if it can break an incoming raid.
Moving on we have the inner air battle, or area air-defense, which is within detection range by the enemy force and typically within their weapon employment zones. This is handled by the fighters that are assigned to point-defense and by the medium range SAM systems such as RIM-66 and earlier versions of RIM-67*, SM-2MR and SM-2ER respectively. Oftentimes this is typically engaging weapons such as incoming anti-ship missiles.
Finally is the point-defense arena where weapons such as CIWS and ESSM take play and is exclusively, with a few exceptions, dedicated to engaging incoming weapons and largely centered around the self-protection of the ship in question.
The ranges for these engagement envelopes are highly dependent, variable based on range of enemy detection, range of your own sensors, range of weapons, and other factors.
Star Wars complicates the matters somewhat with how Hyperspace interferes with the situation. For this we must first divide the situation into two independent bubbles of space. First is the space around the enemy installation, ship, carrier, etc, and second is the space around your own battlegroup.
In general, the entirety of your own bubble of space is the “inner-air battle”. In this area your point-defense fighters can engage the enemy along with most of your defensive systems depending on how you interpret the range of weapons in Star Wars. At the same time the enemy can detect you and there’s a good chance you are within their own weapons employment zone if you can hit them.
So where is the “outer-air battle” in this scenario? Well that’s complicated. Typically the thinking is that you intercept the enemy force as they try to make their way to you. The problem is, in Star Wars this is impossible to do in hyperspace without specific tools. This tool is an Interdictor vessel. Such a vessel, if placed along the threat axis, would prematurely pull the enemy force out of hyperspace, allowing you to engage with your own hyperspace capable fighters while not putting your own force at risk. Of course the Interdictor is at risk, much like the AAW ship in a SAM trap but that is a calculated risk that must be made to force an engagement that isn’t ideal for the enemy.
There is an obvious issue with this usage. You don’t know where the enemy force is going to come from if they are willing to probe around for alternative hyperspace routings. This makes your chances of actually intercepting them exceedingly low as they aren’t really operating on limited fuel unless you’re engaging forces halfway across the Galaxy and even then it would be easy to take other hyperspace routes to avoid your interdictor screen. So, with general standoff defensive measures void, logically the best defense in case of a Raid Warning is to simply go to hyperspace and make a couple jumps to a pre-planned secondary or tertiary location thus voiding any targeting information provided by the enemy ISR. In this respect detection of a carrier group would be hard but pinning them and attacking them if an Interdictor isn’t immediately available is basically impossible.
As a result the traditional Outer-Air Battle, in the vast expanses of space between the enemy airbase and your own carrier, doesn’t really have the opportunity to take place. However, there is one place you know the enemy force will be, around their own carriers/airbase. This is the equivalent of a U.S. carrier force sending F-14s to blast Backfires over the Kola Peninsula. Not impossible but generally ill-advised as now the enemy can use all their fighters, long-range and point-defense while you only have access to your long-range fighters.
At this point, if you are getting that close to the enemy you might as well engage their carriers to more efficiently destroy their strike generation capability. This turns the Defensive Counter-Air (Counter-space? IDK, I’m going to stick with the Earthling lingo) mission into an Offensive Counter-Air mission where you compensate for your lower numbers by hitting them on the ground or in the ship. This divides yourself into two kinds of engagements. First is protecting your own fleet before they get to hyperspace and second is to attack and destroy the enemy fleet before they go to hyperspace.
This gets to the problem of invading or for that matter, defending a planet. If you park your carrier in a planet’s orbit you are reducing the volume you could be into a tiny pinprick, you’ve basically done half the enemy’s targeting for them. Even worse, depending on how close you are, you may not be able to go to hyperspace immediately, meaning that disengagement could be impossible at the worst time. You may as well have a land base as at least that would be more survivable in the kinetic sense and be easier to work on than a ship.
*Later versions of the RIM-67 and the RIM-156 (also designated SM-2ER though this was launched from the Mk-41 VLS instead of the older twin-arm launchers that the RIM-67 used), would employ active radar and terminal IR seekers. This allowed engagement beyond the horizon against low-flying targets based on cuing by AWACs, potentially into the range where it would fall into the Outer Air Battle.
Hyperspace creates a unique set of circumstances that make offensive action against fixed positions/fleets very easy while making mobile and evasive battlegroups very difficult to engage. This sort of doctrine is best seen in the Rebel Alliance and their employment of hyperspace capable fighters, striking with relative impunity at Imperial targets without risking their major fleet assets. There is no reason this cannot scale up to major Galactic powers as it provides a disproportionate offensive and defensive capability for the practitioners of the doctrine.
submitted by AlfredoThayerMahan to MawInstallation [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 03:35 liebestraumes [USA-CA] [H] Rest of Collection: Pokemon, Ace Attorney, Shin Megami Tensei, Yu-Gi-Oh!, JRPGs for DS, 3DS, GBA + PS4 [W] PayPal

Selling off a majority of what was left of my collection. Items are all adult-owned from a smoke and pet free home. Feel free to ask for any additional photos.
I'm also looking to purchase: Persona 5 Strikers (Switch), THEATRHYTHM Final Bar Premium Digital Deluxe, Final Fantasy Pixel Remaster Collection I-VI (Switch) if anyone has any of those available.
Payment is through PayPal F&F.
Code: Realize, Guardian of Rebirth (Collector's Edition, SEALED) - $70
Cytus Alpha (Launch Edition) - $55
Danganronpa Decadence (Collectors Edition, SEALED) - $100
LA Noire (SEALED) - $45
Root Letter Last Answer (Day One Edition, SEALED) - $40
999: Nine Hours, Nine Persons, Nine Doors (bought from Aksys booth at Anime Expo a long time ago, was given the alternate cover art with purchase) - $120
Ace Attorney: Apollo Justice - $40
Ace Attorney Investigations: Miles Edgeworth - $70
Cooking Mama 3 Shop & Chop - $13
Crafting Mama - $13
Final Fantasy The 4 Heroes of Light - $40
Maplestory DS (JPN) - $30
Nodame Cantabile (JPN) - $20
Phoenix Wright: Ace Attorney - $30
Phoenix Wright Ace Attorney: Justice For All - $35
Phoenix Wright Ace Attorney: Trials and Tribulations - $30
Phoenix Wright Ace Attorney: Trials and Tribulations (Cart Only) - $15
Princess Debut - $50
Super Mario 64 DS - $28
Shin Megami Tensei Strange Journey (Launch Edition) - $85
Style Savvy - $25
The World Ends With You - $45
Yu-Gi-Oh! 5DS Stardust Accelerator World Championship 2009 (NO MANUAL) - $25
Animal Crossing Happy Home Designer - $20
Bravely Default - $38
Cooking Mama Sweet Shop - $25
Corpse Party Back to School Edition - $145
Fire Emblem Awakening - $45
Fire Emblem Conquest - $45
Luigi's Mansion Dark Moon - $15
Mario Kart 7 - $20
Miitopia - $25
Naruto Powerful Shipuden (Spine has spelling error, "NARTUO") - $35
Pokemon X - $35
Pokemon Y - $35
Pokemon Alpha Sapphire - $45
Pokemon Omega Ruby - $45
Professor Layton vs. Phoenix Wright Ace Attorney - $170
Radiant Historia: Perfect Chronology (Launched Edition, SEALED) - $170
Rune Factory 4 - $30
Shin Megami Tensei: Devil Survivor Overclocked - $60
Shin Megami Tensei: Devil Survivor 2 Record Breaker (Launch Edition, SEALED) - $130
Shin Megami Tensei: Devil Summoner Soul Hackers (Launch Edition, SEALED) - $170
Shin Megami Tensei IV (Collector's Edition) - $130
Shin Megami Tensei Strange Journey Redux (SEALED) - $80
Stella Glow (Cart Only) - $40
Style Savvy Fashion Forward - $120
Style Savvy Trendsetters - $25
Theatrhythm Final Fantasy Curtain Call - $20
Yokai Watch (Sealed) - $30
Barbie 12 Dancing Princesses - $5
Cartoon Network Collection, GBA Video - $8 each
Disney's Party - $5
Frogger's Adventures - $5
Golden Sun - $40
Kirby and the Amazing Mirror - $40
Mario Party Advance - $25
Pokemon Emerald - $165
Yu-Gi-Oh! 7 Trials of Glory - $10
Yu-Gi-Oh! Destiny Board Traveler - $5
Yu-Gi-Oh! Dungeon Dice Monsters (Label damage) - $8
Yu-Gi-Oh! Reshef of Destruction - $10
Yu-Gi-Oh! The Eternal Duelist Soul (x2) - $8
Yu-Gi-Oh! The Sacred Cards (with manual) - $10
Yu-Gi-Oh! Ultimate Masters World Championship 2006 - $25
Yu-Gi-Oh! World Championship Tournament 2004 - $10
Yu-Gi-Oh! Worldwide Edition: Stairway to the Destined Duel (label damage) - $8
Yu-Gi-Oh! GX Duel Academy - $25
Yu-Gi-Oh! 5DS Tag Force 5 (Damaged Case) - $40
Final Fantasy VII Remake, Deluxe Edition (SEALED) - $65
PlayStation 4 500 GB Console - $165 shipped, includes two controllers and all cables.
submitted by liebestraumes to GameSale [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 03:33 Overall_Cod2206 Super tight butthole post from the Arugalord.

Super tight butthole post from the Arugalord. submitted by Overall_Cod2206 to Thisisimportantpod [link] [comments]

2023.06.01 03:28 Jayceonacex High milage 2011 Audi S5 V6 convertible as a summer toy ?

I’m looking at potentially purchasing a 2011 Audi S5 convertible with the V6 engine. The car currently has 210,000KMS or 133,000 miles.
It seems to be very clean inside and out, all up to date paper work since new. Recently had the breaks done, carbon clean and a fluid change.
The price is $16,500 CAD or $12,150 USD. It was recently inspected by an Audi certified mechanic, the inspection was clean aside from the valves sweating, but not leaking.
I plan to drive this car for 4-5months throughout the summer then park it until next summer. Is this a good buy ? I have never owned an Audi so I’m not super familiar with maintenance & reliability as I’m used to Lexus.
Any advice on this is greatly appreciated!
submitted by Jayceonacex to Cartalk [link] [comments]